Let us see how we can add another column called 'Continent' to the Customers table of the Northwind database. We will be using the CASE function to evaluate the 'Continent' by giving the Country list as the expression.
SELECT CustomerID, CompanyName,Country, Continent =
WHEN COUNTRY IN ('Austria','Belgium','Denmark','Finland','France','Germany',
'Ireland','Italy','Norway','Poland','Portugal','Spain','Sweden','Switzerland','UK') THEN 'Europe'
WHEN COUNTRY IN ('Argentina','Brazil','Venezuela') THEN 'SouthAmerica'
WHEN COUNTRY IN ('Canada','Belgium','Mexico','USA') THEN 'NorthAmerica'
Once you run this query, you will find that the continent column gets displayed based on the WHEN expression using the CASE function