July 15, 2010

GROUPBY, HAVING and ORDER BY Usage in SQL Server

I have often seen T-SQL beginners having confusion over the sequence and usage of GroupBy, Having and Order By clause. Here’s a simple example:

I am using the AdventureWorks database.

USE AdventureWorks
GO
SELECT CustomerID, SUM(TaxAmt) AS CustomerTax
FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader
GROUP BY CustomerID
HAVING SUM(TaxAmt) > 2000
ORDER BY CustomerID

As you can see, we are using HAVING to filter rows based on an aggregate expression. Note that you can include nonaggregate columns in the HAVING clause, however the condition is that these columns must appear in the GROUP BY clause.

OUTPUT

image


About The Author

Suprotim Agarwal, ASP.NET Architecture MVP works as an Architect Consultant and provides consultancy on how to design and develop Web applications.

Suprotim is also the founder and primary contributor to DevCurry, DotNetCurry and SQLServerCurry. He has also written an EBook 51 Recipes using jQuery with ASP.NET Controls.

Follow him on twitter @suprotimagarwal

1 comment:

Joshua said...

Thanks for posting an example it just makes the learning process easier. Great blog by the way!